The Amsterdam-listed fund shook financial markets last week after missing margin calls from banks on its $21.7 billion (euro14 billion) portfolio of residential-mortgage-backed bonds. Carlyle's troubles have amplified fears that billions of dollars of depressed mortgage-backed securities will flood the market, reducing their value even further.
More than $5 billion (euro3.23 billion) of Carlyle's securities have already been sold, but the fund tried to negotiate with the banks to prevent the liquidation of the remaining $16 billion (euro10.34 billion).
“Although it has been working diligently with its lenders, the company has not been able to reach a mutually beneficial agreement to stabilize its financing,” Carlyle said in a news release.
Shares tumbled 70 percent to 83 cents in Amersterdam.
More than a year ago, the fund leveraged its $670 million (euro432.9 million) equity 32 times to finance a $21.7 billion (euro14 billion) portfolio of AAA-rated residential mortgage-backed securities issued by Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae. It borrowed money from at least a dozen banks and firms, including Bank of America Corp., Citigroup Inc. and Merrill Lynch & Co.
Carlyle posted the securities as collateral under repurchase agreements, so if the value of the securities fall, the lender has the right to ask for more collateral — a margin call — to secure the loan. If the borrower does not meet the margin call, the lender may sell the security.
The value of mortgage-backed securities plummeted as
As of Wednesday, Carlyle said it has defaulted on about $16.6 billion (euro10.73 billion) of its debt, and the rest is expected to go into default soon.
Carlyle Capital Corp. is one of 55 funds managed by the Washington, D.C.-based Carlyle Group, one of the largest private equity firms in the world with $76 billion (euro49.11 billion) in assets.
Carlyle Group “participated actively” in the fund's negotiations with its lenders to refinance its portfolio and was prepared to provide substantial additional capital if sustainable terms could be achieved, the fund's statement said.
But hopes for refinancing fell apart after some lenders said the value of the collateral had declined further, which would result in additional margin calls Thursday of about $97.5 million (euro63 million).
Carlyle Capital is registered in the
Trading of the fund's shares was suspended last week after tumbling more than 50 percent to $5 apiece on the news that the fund wasn't able to meet the margin calls.
The shares continued to fall after regulators lifted the trading halt Tuesday. The shares closed Wednesday at $2.80.